Uterine artery

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The uterine artery is one of the visceral branches of the internal iliac arteries of the pelvis, and has no equivalent in the male. It supplies the uterus, including the cervix and sometimes the vagina. It also supplies part of the uterine tube, anastomosing with the ovarian artery. The uterine artery runs deep to the peritoneum at the base of the broad ligament, to the lateral wall of the uterus. It divides into a descending, vaginal branch, to the cervix and vagina, and a larger, ascending, uterine branch, which passes along the body of the uterus and uterine tube, giving branches to both, before anastomosing with terminal branches of the ovarian artery.