Urinalysis

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  • Be familiar with techniques of urine specimen collection and handling
  • Learn the information that can be obtained from the inspection of the urine
  • Understand the chemistries of the dipstick tests for the following:
    • Leukocytes
    • Nitrite
    • Urobillnogen
    • Protein
    • pH
    • Blood
    • Specific gravity
    • Ketones
    • Billirubin
    • Glucose
  • Understand the mechanisms for the appearance of increased amounts of protein in urine (proteinuria) and how they are measured and identified
  • Understand the importance of measurement of small increases in urine albumin in certain diseases (microalbuminuria)
  • Be familiar with the procedure for performing a microscropic examination of the urine sediment and the identities and main features of the components that can be so examined
  • Be familiar with types of renal stones that can be passed into the urine and the value of knowing their chemical composition.


  • Be familiar with techniques of urine specimen collection and handling
  • Learn the information that can be obtained from the inspection of the urine
  • Understand the chemistries of the dipstick tests for the following:
    • Leukocytes
    • Nitrite
    • Urobillnogen
    • Protein
    • pH
    • Blood
    • Specific gravity
    • Ketones
    • Billirubin
    • Glucose
  • Understand the mechanisms for the appearance of increased amounts of protein in urine (proteinuria) and how they are measured and identified
  • Understand the importance of measurement of small increases in urine albumin in certain diseases (microalbuminuria)
  • Be familiar with the procedure for performing a microscropic examination of the urine sediment and the identities and main features of the components that can be so examined
  • Be familiar with types of renal stones that can be passed into the urine and the value of knowing their chemical composition.