Reproduction (Female)

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To understand female reproduction, one must understand the processes from menarche to menopause. The reproductive female experiences several milestones throughout her development. Usually, the first milestone is thelarche, followed by adrenarche and ending with menarche. All of these processes combine to give two major outcomes: pregnancy and recurrent menses. If there are problems with any of these processes, abnormal outcomes include irregular menses, amenorrhea, or excessive symptoms. The natural conclusion of the reproductive female is menopause, then death.

In addition to their effects on the ovaries and such, hormones of the female reproductive system affect other parts of the body, such as the breasts, gastrointestinal system and the brain.

In clinical settings, it is important to gain insight into a woman's menstrual history.

Resources

Physiology of reproduction lecture slides (PPT)