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Postpartum means, like, after partum. It is the time after labour, which ends a reproductive female's pregnancy by turning a fetus into a newborn. A woman can be discharged as early as 6 hours after partum, though the average for spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD) is 1-2 days, and the average cesarian section postpartum stay is 3-4 days. During this time, assessment of bleeding, bowel and bladder function, and baby care happens.
The mother is assessed for tears, and given an episotomy if necessary. Also, she may suffer from constipation or hemorrhoids, which both of which should be managed, because patients report constipation to be unpleasant. The bladder is also assessed for infection, retention and atony in the muscles.
The major Dictionarycom:foci of postpartum care are ensuring that the woman is healthy and capable of taking care of her baby, equipped with all the information she needs about breast feeding, reproductive health, contraception, and the imminent life adjustment.
Postpartum depression (aka baby blues) are very common, with approximately 85% of women suffering from them, potentially as early as 24 hours postpartum. It is usually limited in duration, lasting 36 to 48 hours. Treatment may be required if it lasts longer than 72 hours , or is associated with lack of interest in the infant, suicidal or homocidal thoughts, hallucinations, or psychotic behaviour. Approximately 10-20% of women will suffer the symptoms of major depression, and should be treated accordingly. Postpartum depression can be the response to the hormonal changes and life adjustment the woman goes through immediately after birth.