Placental abruption

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Placental abruption (aka Abruptio placentae) is the premature separation of a normally implanted placenta from the uterus in the reproductive female during pregnancy [1]. While its cause is unknown (i.e., idiopathic, placental abruption is associated with maternal hypertension, the sudden decompression of the uterus, maternal tobacco smoking, or trauma.

Symptoms of placental abruption vary with the type and degree, ranging from mild to severe. Diagnosis is clinical, and management is dynamic, depending on the conditions of the mother and fetus, as well as the estmated degree of placental separation.