Delivery by forceps

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Delivery by forceps

Forceps are used for operative intervention carried out during labour of a reproductive female during a problem pregnancy.

Maternal indicators for the use of forceps are a congenital heart disease (to shorten the second stage), pulmonary compromise, exhaustion, or an extremely protracted second stage. Fetal indicators are a nonreassuring fetal heart rate (FHR) tracing, an abruption, malpresentation (with the occiput transverse or occiput posterior), or cord prolapse (though it can be argued as a contraindication).