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The archicortex (aka hippocampal formation) is a cortical component of the limbic system in the brain. It lies on the medial surface of the temporal lobe, and is the recipient of most highly processed sensory information from the cerebral cortex. It appears to provide a cognitive map through which humans organize position, space and time in relation to external stimuli and events. It is involved in process learning, memory and emotions, and projects to other regions via a C-shaped axonal bundle named the fornix.